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January-February 2001
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January-February 2001 CoverJanuary/February 2001


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Electric Vehicles

by James Rogers

There is no better time than the present to discuss the merits of alternative fuel sources. As the price of gasoline exceeds $2.00 per gallon in many parts of the country the thought of electric vehicles is much more enticing. Add to this the effort that many major automobile manufacturers have put into developing practical electric vehicles and the concept appears to be one whose time has come. Read more

Listing Requirements for ITE Installed in Computer Rooms

by Thomas M. Burke

The National Electrical Code (NEC), ANSI/NFPA 70 considers information technology equipment (ITE) installed in ITE rooms—more commonly called computer rooms—as special equipment. As described in Section 90-3, chapters 1 through 4 serve as the base requirements for special equipment except as further amended by chapters 5 through 7. Read more

Disconnecting Means Requirements as Stated in 645-10 and 11

by Robert Jones

For several years I have heard horror stories associated with the accidental activation of the disconnecting means required by Sections 645-2(a), 645-10, and 645-11. Roger Witt, representing State Farm Insurance Company, submitted several Code change proposals to delete the requirement in the 2002 NEC. Read more

How the IEC Relates to North America – Particularly IEC 60364

by Lori Tennant

The second part in these series of articles ended by asking the question, "Why should an electrical inspector participate in the IEC standards making process?” The answer is simple: to ensure that electrical safety is not compromised by the ongoing efforts to harmonize codes and standards worldwide. There are those individuals in the U.S. and around the globe that believe the U.S. should just adopt the IEC 60364 standard for Electrical Installations of Buildings. Read more

New Jersey Wins National Award for Rehabilitation Subcode

by John Pattella

New Jersey’s rehab code is the nation’s first set of rules written just for older buildings, and it’s bringing developers back to cities by providing sensible standards and predictable costs for renovations,” said Governor Christie Whitman. "It’s part of a whole tool kit of resources we’re using to revitalize New Jersey’s urban areas.” Read more

Installations and Inspections of Information Technology Equipment

by Michael Johnston

In the 1996 National Electrical Code the title of Article 645 was changed from Computer/Data Processing Equipment to Information Technology Equipment (ITE). This change reflects the fact that computer rooms are more than just for housing computers. In many cases they are the heartbeat of organizations. Read more

Rules for Electrical Utility Supply

by Leslie Stoch

The Canadian Electrical Code, Section 6 provides us with some important rules for installing service equipment, wiring methods and metering. The following rules apply to electrical utilities and their customers at the service entrance, the point where an electrical utility connects to a customer’s electrical installation. This article covers some of the main requirements on the number and locations of electrical services and defines the terms used in the code. Read more

UL Adopts Enhanced Standards Development Process

by Underwriters Laboratories

In July 1, UL introduced a significant enhancement to the way it develops and maintains UL Standards for Safety. This new process allows greater input from interested parties—consumer groups, regulatory officials, government agencies, insurance companies, academics and others—at the earliest stages of development. Read more


Other Code

I Dare You to Climb That Tower

by David Young

How do we stop people from killing themselves? In particular, how do we stop teenage boys from climbing high voltage transmission towers like this one? Whether they are located in a secluded forest area or in someone’s backyard, a high voltage transmission tower looks like a "jungle gym” as we used to call them in elementary school. Every year, hundreds are injured and dozens are killed trying to climb them. Most of them are teenage boys. Why do they do it? Is it a dare? Are they looking for attention? Do alcohol or drugs impair their judgment? A nationwide TV campaign to inform them of the hazards wouldn’t stop them. It didn’t stop smokers. Read more

Canadian Code

Services and Service Equipment

by Leslie Stoch

This article revisits some definitions and requirements covered in Section 6 of the Canadian Electrical Code, Services and Service Equipment, beginning with a review of some often mentioned terms. Read more


Ask CSA: Electric Sauna Heaters

by Daniel Langlois

CSA International’s Corporate Audits and Investigations Group has investigated several fires over the years that were apparently caused by improperly installed electric sauna heaters. Most of the fires investigated were in residences; however, a few incidents occurred that involved commercial saunas. Read more

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